Pulling On Walks:

Why they do it? Having a dog that strains or pulls during a walk doesn’t make for a relaxing jaunt. You may yell and express disapproval at his behavior, however, your dog continues his pulling behavior. Why? Because it is rewarding for him. He pulls towards an object he is interested in and in turn, gets to that object sooner. He pulls towards another dog or a person he wants to greet and receives instant gratification.

What To Do To Stop Leash Pulling:

In order to stop your dog from pulling on the leash during your walks, you need to halt his behavior pattern as soon as it starts. This can be done with zero yelling, yanking or jerking. It is actually a very passive process. It does however take a great deal of patience.

  1. Start out on your walk and say “Let’s Go”. Use this command to illustrate that you’d like your dog to walk with you – not in front of you or lagging behind you.
  2. The second the least goes taut (that your arm leaves the relaxed position at your side) – STOP WALKING. Pretend you are a tree. Do not move one step further.
  3. When your dog looks back at you (this can take a few seconds), praise him. Then get him to come back towards you by taking a few steps backwards. As soon as he does this, praise and treat with a high value snack. Repeat “Let’s Go” Then continue moving forward.
  4. Keep in mind you may only move forward a few steps without having to stop when you first start implementing this technique. However, as your dog begins to catch on, you’ll soon see that he’ll realize being at your side is a much more rewarding location than in front of you!

Lagging Or Refusing To Walk:

Why they do it? Many puppies that are not comfortable with walking on a leash will lag behind or stop altogether, plop down and refuse to walk. While these issues are usually a natural part of the training process, they can be frustrating and you don’t want them to develop into a chronic behavioral problem

What To Do To Stop Lagging:

  1. Weather you are dealing with the lagging issue in a small puppy or an older dog who has not had experience walking on a leash, the most important thing to remember is that you do not want to reward the behavior of stopping with attention. For example, many owners of small dogs get frustrated and pick their dogs up when they stop walking….do you think those dogs are learning how to walk properly on a leash?
  2. Don’t bring your dog along on a walk if he is a lagger and you are in a hurry. You need lots of patience and time to work with these kinds of dogs and it can only cause more problems if you try to rush them.
  3. If your dog is lagging behind, start by happily calling towards you. If he is food motivated, offer a treat. Do not bring the treat to your dog, but you can bring it closer to them. Reward any movement forward.
  4. Another method to try is to run backward from your dog, as this sometimes stimulates the canines“chase instinct” and is a way to get an unsure dog moving.
  5. Dogs who are not used to the leash should wear one in the house (dragging from their collar – supervised!!) in order to acclimate to the sensation.
  6. Use lots of positive reinforcement and do not ever pull or drag your dog. You want to make this a fun experience!

Leash Biting:

Why they do it? This habit is mostly seen in puppies that believe that their leashes are another one of their many toys! Occasionally this behavior is seen in dogs as well. It can be an annoying problem for owners who are trying to train their dogs to walk politely on leash!

What To Do To Stop Leash Biting:

  1. Spray his leash with a bitter anti-chew spray such as “Bitter Apple”. While these sprays aren’t effective with 100% of all dogs, most of them find the taste to be unpleasant.
  2. Keep his leash out of his reach. Hang it up on a hook or keep it on a shelf, but don’t allow it to fall on the ground where it can be confused for another dog toy.
  3. Teach your dog the “leave it” and “drop it” commands. They’ll come in handy at many points in his life, not just when he’s wrestling with his leash!
  4. Ignore his behavior. The more you tug on the leash, the more he believes it is a game. If you don’t respond to his antics and continue on into the house, he’ll realize he’s not getting the desired response and soon stop trying.
  5. Distract him with another object of interest, such as a squeaker toy or even a training exercise. This is a great time to take the leash off of him without a battle!

Now you have the tools to solve some of the most common leash related problems, so grab some tasty treats and get to work! The sooner you break those bad habits the happier everyone will be!

This article is part of the Canine Manners 101 dog training series.

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