Life span: 8 – 10 years
Weight: Male: 60–70 kg, Female: 45–55 kg
Height: Male: 69–74 cm, Female: 63–69 cm
Temperament: Sweet-Tempered, Gentle, Trainable
Colors: Black, Blue Belton, Brown
Origin: Canada, England
Nature and character
The Newfoundland has a very good-natured and affectionate nature. He demonstrates his kindness and gentleness above all as a family dog, and the majestic animals are also very calm and considerate to children. They also get along well with other pets, if they are given the opportunity early to get used to living together. The affectionate animals are also very dependent and seek the constant proximity to their owner or their family. For this reason, they are not particularly suitable for kennel keeping, but rather ideal companion for people with plenty of time and enjoy outdoor activities. Despite his serene nature, the Newfoundlander also shows himself as an enterprising and happy animal with an innate love of the water, a trait that has already characterized his Canadian ancestors. Despite their intelligence and comprehension, however, Newfoundlanders are less accessible if they are required to be strictly obedient.
Activities with the Newfoundland
With his good-natured and affectionate nature, the Newfoundland dog is an ideal family dog, who also proves to be very patient and playful towards children. However, it requires a high degree of care and petting and a lot of outdoor exercise. The Newfoundland dog has a meek nature with a high threshold, so it is not suitable for training as a Schutzhund. His ability to act independently in emergencies, as well as his preference for water in any form make him an excellent rescue dog, which is still used today in the water rescue.
Origin & History
As the name implies, the Newfoundland native originated from the Canadian island of Newfoundland. It was created from crosses of native dogs and the black bear dog, introduced by the Vikings from 1100 race. European breeds brought to Newfoundland by European fishermen also influenced the development of the Newfoundland. At the beginning of colonization in 1610, the Newfoundland already showed its essential characteristics. He was subsequently used both as a train dog for transporting heavy loads and as a rescue and water dog. Above all, the breed was characterized by its insensitivity to extreme climatic conditions as well as by the innate preference for waters.
Racial features Newfoundland
Adult animals have an average height at the withers of 71 cm in males and 66 cm in females, the average weight is 68 kg for males and 54 kg for females.
Newfoundlanders are bred in black, brown and white with black spots. Black is the typical color of this breed. Black animals ideally have a consistent color scheme with a possible slight shimmer or white markings on the chest, toe and tail tip. The brown color varieties range from chocolate brown to a bronze color, white badges are also possible here. The white-black animals in turn are a historically significant variety with a white base color and a black head with white blaze. They also have a black drawing on saddle, croup and rod top.
The Newfoundland has long, water-impermeable hair that is not curly but slightly wavy at times. The soft undercoat thickens in winter, but is partially present in the area of the breast and croup even in summer. The area of the head, ears and catch is occupied in Newfoundland with short and fine hair, on the tail in turn they have long and dense hair without flagging.
Newfoundlanders have an elongated, strong and muscular physique. In general, they are compact, whereby the body of the bitches can be a little bit longer in comparison. The massive head is characterized by a strong occiput and a clear stop. The catch is short, deep and square. The little eyes are far apart. The ears are triangular and relatively small. They rest on the side of the back upper head. Newfoundlanders have a very strong pelvis and swimming-skin-like intermediate toe skins on the front paws. Furthermore, it has a medium-length neck with a slightly arched neck and a broad, relatively deep chest. Ribs and loins are equally well arched, the lower profile line is slightly raised. The tail is set high and provided with lush fringes.