Lifespan: 13 – 15 years
Temperament: Hardy, Friendly, Energetic, Alert, Intelligent, Happy
Mass: Male: 7.9 – 9.9 lbs (Adult), Female: 7.1 – 9 lbs (Adult)
Colors: White, White & Chocolate, Blue Belton, Sable, Red & White, Fawn & White
Origin: France, Spain, Belgium
Nature and character
Lovers describe Papillon as an ideal companion dog: he is intelligent and relatively easy to educate, cheerful and spirited, yet a gentle and cuddly dog with a surprising sensitivity. Thus, the Papillon fits harmoniously into family life and shows a lively and attentive interaction with its environment. In addition, he shows a strong need for leaning and likes to be pampered, but occasionally tends to jealousy, while he is usually reserved rather reserved to strangers.
Contrary to expectation, the Papillon, as a self-confident and attentive dog, reliably takes over watch duties and reacts immediately to any noise by reporting. The Papillon is also relatively uncomplicated in attitude and copes well with all living conditions; he is suitable for early habituation also for keeping with other pets. All in all, the Papillon, despite its apparent fragility is a robust and movement-joyful dog, even the long hikes no trouble.
Activities with the Papillon
The Papillon has always remained a companion dog since the genesis of this breed. With his attached nature and his adaptability, he is suitable as a companion for people of all ages. Since the Papillon loves company, he can also be kept without problems with other dogs of his or other breeds. As a family dog, the Papillon actively participates in family life and enjoys the closeness to his people.
The Papillon is just as suitable for watching as it is for demanding dog sports such as agility, which are particularly enjoyable for this intelligent and movement-loving dog.
Origin & History
As early as the 12th century, the Continental Dwarf Spaniel was popular with the Spanish court as a companion dog for noble ladies. In the following centuries he also came into fashion in other European countries as a luxury. Numerous paintings by famous painters still bear witness to the spread of these small companion dogs. The predecessor of this breed, a variation with drooping ears, today much less common found Phalène (moth), originally comes from France, where he was almost exterminated during the French Revolution as a typical symbol of nobility. But the Continental Miniature Spaniel survived and regained popularity in the following century, eventually establishing the first race club there.
Racial characteristics Papillon
The Papillon has a harmonious and robust physique. His posture is graceful and proud, the hallway free and elegant. The body appears rather long rather than tall and is covered by medium-length, wavy hair of strong texture. The Papillon is bred in all color variants, but always with white ground color.
Compared to larger Spaniel breeds the Papillon's head appears lighter and shorter but is in an appropriate proportion to the body. The skull should not look too round and may have an indicated middle furrow. The stop is particularly pronounced in small dogs without forming a prominent heel. The catch is short, fine and tapered in relation to the skull.
The almond-shaped eyes appear large and appear wide open. They are set relatively low and appear very expressive due to the dark color. In contrast to the variety Phalène, with drooping ears, the Papillon has standing ears that are set high and open well. They should by no means stand upright, but form an angle of about 45 ° to the horizontal.
The Papillon also has a medium-length neck with slightly arched neck and a broad, relatively deep chest. Ribs and loins are equally well arched, the lower profile line is slightly raised. The tail is set high and provided with lush fringes. The runs are straight and strong, but seem relatively filigree.